Pilea peperomioides 13 cm
Pilea (Pilea spp.) is a genus consisting of more than 600 species of frost-resistant, tropical foliage plants - including both erect shrubby and trailing species. Several smaller species are commonly grown as houseplants because they are easy to grow and care for. They are excellent starter plants for inexperienced growers. They are best planted outdoors in the spring, and indoors you can usually start a plant at any time during the growing season. In general, these plants are moderate to fast growers. Pilea's foliage varies widely, from 3-inch textured and lance-shaped leaves to tiny heart-shaped and mossy foliage. Pileas occasionally flower, but their pink or cream colored flowers are very small and often go unnoticed.
Caring for Pileas
Pileas are fairly low maintenance and forgiving plants. With even minimal attention to watering, they will generally thrive and continually put out new foliage throughout the summer months. In winter, growth will slow down. If you grow them in containers, plan to repot your pilea annually in the spring into a slightly larger pot. Or start a new plant from cuttings and discard the old plant if you don't have the space for a large pot.
All pileas tend to be wiry and have fairly brittle stems. To promote a compact, bushy plant, pinch off the tips of new growth on branching forms of pilea. But keep in mind that even dedicated attention can't stop the plant from looking a bit ragged and unattractive in the end, as the lower leaves naturally fall off as they age. If this happens, you can grow a new plant from cuttings if desired.
Most pilea species like bright, indirect light. Avoid exposing them to direct summer sun, as that can burn the leaves. Indoors, a light window sill is a suitable place. Be sure to turn the pot at least a few times a week, as the plant will stretch toward the sun and grow crooked if you don't. Pilea can tolerate low light, but the foliage will turn a darker green and the plant will become leggy.
Pilea plants prefer a moderately rich, well-draining potting soil. Soggy soil can cause root rot and kill a plant. A potting soil based on peat moss to which leafy soil and perlite have been added, or a mixture especially for African violets, is often beneficial.
Pilea plants have an average to high water requirement. Water as soon as the first inch of soil dries out. You may notice the leaves drooping, which may indicate the plant's need for more water. In warm weather you will probably need to water more often.
Temperature and Humidity
Pilea plants generally prefer temperatures above 15 degrees, and frost can kill the plants. Indoors they are happy at a room temperature between 18 and 24 degrees. Make sure your plant is away from vents that could blow extremely cold or hot air onto it. In addition, pilea plants enjoy moderate to high humidity and can be grown in terrariums.
Fertilizer is often unnecessary if pilea is planted outdoors in its growing zones. If you are growing pilea in containers, use a liquid houseplant fertilizer at half strength once in the spring and again in the summer.
Pilea is about generally very easy to root from cuttings.Since the plants have a propensity for leg formation, it is a good idea to start new cuttings each spring rather than struggle with the appearance of an older pilea. Place cuttings in moist peat, and keep them warm until they root. A rooting hormone is usually not necessary. If you keep them at about 75 degrees Fahrenheit, your new plants should be rooted and growing in three to five weeks. Then you can transplant them into their own containers.
Botanical name Pilea peperomoides
Altitude 13cm Pot size 6cm Place Parashadow Water requirement Keep moist Toxic Animal Friendly Repot Every 2 years Packaging Special plants mail box Maintenance Beginner